sxg1-b3jhttps://www.oliveoiltimes.com/business/europe/archaeologists-bring-roman-villa-back-to-life-in-malta/84761sig;sig=*MEUCIHE56lBCww+1KRiA+0TmMIHmNHklSXT2nHbF+6a78sTJAiEA3pT0eWSOmk8MtwcJJ9+P3CT7UrBIGy6aomUJDAjb4FY=*;integrity="digest/mi-sha256-03";cert-url="https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/cdn-fpw/sxg/cert.pem.msg";cert-sha256=*J7yg4wLA0ktQ8d4IewA87dAzdqYniNx+bE/94OJQ3Zs=*;validity-url="https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/business/europe/archaeologists-bring-roman-villa-back-to-life-in-malta/cdn-fpw/sxg/valid.msg";date=1653531772;expires=1653542572DdateXThu, 26 May 2022 03:22:51 GMTDlinkYo;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-PDjHSAaEdPdwbusOq2cMkmn0fq4F+Qd/LFTREDYrXFY=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-pIAV2othfaiR7RIuGLikz7lOGREby3w37VYX3Q0WEBI=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-rTjhkyCARrqEv4YO1IN/iDYtRKCehlr0n6DfglXPNmE=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-ofpr5A2e9jmZSEEPP6/JIPlU6VaF2wnw5BgNBtxi4QQ=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-YeRKan9sTvl51cyKdesRLuGvnPvkzSuUATWwdU7+PSE=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-/RfyaJyhqn3R1S7WXrlSsJFIfiuxMa04PRcXuxVCnFE=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-9505v28Dwsx2mToIyAx66JiKtBn9ZQqMwXZ2YjT6eNY=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-F9a2qpAgkZNWSUngFIMAvQ6HR4AHt485vqK0Y0gp4dY=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-ENZ8HJ9FKTPo8HSeoC9mY6XF+X8iHBul2CfAiyQVk64=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-RFDIkyUH+YCsmU4yKimjDnwhRvvGGn+xwJzT7+s5tfI=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-ryRRIYAccOhwfRG/Sxi2QvhVGBgY3yslP2ETebWUJTc=",;rel=preload;as=style,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-06Jj2AtcbF39ErRW8uaEfUgD1tX0858vIvLyjh+QTwA=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-vN4QaHm22HtWrwOk1U6qvyecYYWIGjeKqwwpeiFWLxk=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-01qyYJlvJY3YM9lbOVzUspEgcGcc2ClyI9YY4vKtBk4=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-NSQx/tx5eVUlyxbiuCoA+kJVKJG88xoxrbmeEAk8lmk=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-46Tf7m/3COyR13UmvPbcNQFDcX+d3iEyUhNLFdel8vc=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-ZdcU1T+ykoawFFzTPCY4qTh1ExUHc+uaQYxkqWsy2wM=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-5PyQtxr5edasWrkI7MlP2lTR5q3VOO/LjMoZBX9q1oI=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-9PK8LU+0+HqG9p5m4DGcKebZlgYR89FhHxOZD9I7VPM=",;rel=preload;as=script,;rel=allowed-alt-sxg;header-integrity="sha256-S8jbEzT5j//nm/7BNPwPhuFee0xzpLQK7dcfdzcVYcI="DvaryOAccept-EncodingFcf-rayT71136387a0259987-CDGFdigestX9mi-sha256-03=3AybCSQ1jnIwXdS6gOYqnGSLlK0itnMyHyfovnpqBX8=FserverJcloudflareG:statusC200Iexpect-ctXWmax-age=604800, report-uri="https://report-uri.cloudflare.com/cdn-cgi/beacon/expect-ct"Jcf-apo-viaKorigin,missLcontent-typeXtext/html; charset=UTF-8Mcache-controlLmax-age=7200Mcf-edge-cacheXcache,platform=wordpressMlast-modifiedXThu, 26 May 2022 03:22:51 GMTOcf-cache-statusDMISSPcontent-encodingLmi-sha256-03Vx-content-type-optionsGnosniffXaccess-control-allow-originA*@Archaeologists Bring Roman Villa Back to Life in Malta - Olive Oil Times

Archaeologists Bring Roman Villa Back to Life in Malta

Using 3D modeling technology, archaeologists and researchers have created a virtual replica of the ancient Roman villa and its oil press. Digital tourists can now explore the site and witness millennia-old olive oil production from home.
Photo courtesy of Wirt iż-Żejtun.
Aug. 12, 2020
Paolo DeAndreis

Recent News

An olive oil-pro­duc­ing Roman villa in south­east­ern Malta, which dates back to the fourth cen­tury BCE, could soon be admired in all of its ancient glory thanks to a pio­neer­ing dig­i­ti­za­tion project.

Located near some of the island’s his­toric ports, the Roman villa boasted sophis­ti­cated milling tech­nolo­gies. As its pro­duc­tion and rel­e­vance grew over time, so did its impact on the local econ­omy and soci­ety.

The Maltese Wirt iż-Żejtun NGO has super­vised the archae­o­log­i­cal exca­va­tions, which in recent years have shed light on the villa and its impor­tant role in the region. For arche­ol­o­gists, the time has now come to let peo­ple access the site as a result of 3D mod­el­ing.

See Also:Scientists Find Earliest Evidence of Olive Oil in Central Europe

We chose the Roman villa because few are aware of it enough to appre­ci­ate its value and close ties to the local con­text,” Wirt iż-Żejtun pres­i­dent Ruben Attard told Times of Malta.

People tend to imag­ine a built struc­ture but, really, the site is mostly a ruin with some unique vis­i­ble fea­tures, like the oil press­ing block,” he added. We will take what we learned from the long years of stud­ies and digs and use it to vir­tu­ally con­struct a 3D model that will visu­al­ize not only what the struc­ture once looked like but how the day-to-day oper­a­tion of olive oil pro­duc­tion func­tioned.”

Advertisement

Digital tourists to the site will then be able to see how locals used to pro­duce olive oil, both with 3D mod­els and ani­ma­tions.

According to the archae­ol­o­gists, olive oil pro­duc­tion tech­niques and infra­struc­ture were likely some of the most advanced in all of the Roman Empire, at the time.

The press­ing of olives to pro­duce olive oil depends on a fairly straight­for­ward process,” Nicholas Vella, one of the archae­ol­o­gists from the site, told the University of Malta mag­a­zine, Think. You need to apply pres­sure to olives which have had their pips removed. The ancient sources tell us you did not want to crush the pip because that would cre­ate an infe­rior qual­ity olive oil.”

Dating back to the begin­ning of the rise of Carthage’s eco­nomic and polit­i­cal impor­tance in the Mediterranean region, the villa was an ancient farm whose activ­i­ties spanned gen­er­a­tions.

Bronze Age finds around the archae­o­log­i­cal site have also con­firmed the rel­e­vance of olive oil pro­duc­tion for the local pop­u­la­tion. Furthermore, chang­ing tech­nol­ogy at the mill demon­strated how the impor­tance of olive oil pro­duc­tion grew at the site over time

The piv­otal role that the villa and olive oil pro­duc­tion played for the local pop­u­la­tion is also reflected in the name of the area in which the mill was found – Żejtun, which comes from the Sicilian Arabic word, zay­tun, mean­ing fruit of the tree.”



Advertisement

Related Articles